Winston Churchill described Uganda as "the pearl of Africa" and it is easy to see why! Uganda is nestled between the arms of the Great Rift Valley and, ecologically, is where East African savannah meets West African Jungle. This harmonious situation provides a unique opportunity for safaris.

Where else but in this enchanting country can you venture into open savannah and observe lions relaxing under an acacia tree in the morning, then in the afternoon cruise down the Nile to see hippos and crocs enjoying the cool waters? The adventure doesn't stop there, for the very next day you could journey into the lush rainforests to track chimpanzees and take a guided swamp walk to see the extremely rare and endemic Shoebill stork. The highlight of the safari may be a visit to see one of man's closest relatives, the mountain gorilla. Staring deep into the eyes of these endangered apes will be a time treasured and not easily forgotten.

The variety of different habitats and environments in Uganda is nearly unbelievable. For not only are there wild, open savannahs and rich, refreshing rainforests, but also shimmering freshwater crater lakes and the snow-capped peaks of the Rwenzori Mountains, (or Mountains of the Moon, as Ptolemy called them) — a hiking challenge for the more adventurous among us!

The flora and fauna of Uganda is very diverse and of great density, so a safari to this magnificent and charming country will always be rewarding whether you're a first-time traveler or a veteran of African safaris.

Geographical Features

The Republic of Uganda is located on the East African plateau and, although landlocked, has access to several large bodies of freshwater. It is bordered on the east by Kenya, the north by Sudan, the west by the Democratic Republic of Congo, the southwest by Rwanda, and on the south by Tanzania. The country Uganda is tropical in nature and the climate differs between parts of the country.

Most of the country is generally flat, with the exception of the Rwenzori Mountains in the southwest, which form the highest mountain range in Africa, to be exceeded in altitude only by Mount Kenya and Mount Kilimanjaro.

The majority of Uganda is well-watered and fertile, except the semi-desert in the extreme northeast. Almost 25% of the country's surface is covered by water. Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa, the second-largest freshwater body in the world. The Nile flows from Lake Victoria and into Lake Kyoga. Still the Victoria Nile, it cuts a brisk passage west across Karuma Falls and through the narrow pillars of Murchison Falls towards Lake Albert. Finally the Albert Nile meanders along a slow, wide corridor into Southern Sudan.