KENYA

Wildebeest Migration

Kenya is an enchanting country and few places in the world can boast better attractions. It has a flawless coastline, with its palm-fringed, casuarina-shaded silver-sanded beaches. Sunshine at the coast averages eight hours a day throughout the year.

Above all, Kenya is the home of the "Big Five:" the elephant, buffalo, rhino, lion, and leopard, which can be seen in most of the magnificent game sanctuaries; these extend through the borders of the Ethiopia, Uganda, and down to Tanzania.

The game parks and reserves of Kenya cover every sort of terrain: deserts, semi-deserts, forests, mountains, lakes, open plains and, at the coast, marine parks. All are devoted to the conservation of their indigenous flora and fauna. New areas of conservation are being set aside regularly, each unique in its own way.

The contribution made to the world prehistory by East Africa's archaeological discoveries and prehistoric sites, with their wealth of exhibits of both man and animals, has been profound. Recent discoveries of pre-human species found at Lake Turkana, near Kenya's northern border, have gone a long way towards establishing the origins of man. Visiting Kenya may very well be visiting the birthplace of humankind.

Geographical Features

The geography and climate of Kenya vary from hot and arid semi-desert in the north, and the rolling central highlands with warm days and cool comfortable nights, to the relative humidity of the silvery coastline lapped by the warm waters of the Indian Ocean.

The capital and the commercial center is Nairobi. Other major centers are Mombasa, a centuries old trading port; Nakuru, an important agricultural center; and Kisumu, a port on the shores of Lake Victoria.

The Great Rift Valley, with steep sided walls, its floor littered with lakes and extinct volcanoes, cuts through the country from north to south and lies to the west of Mt. Kenya, 17,060 ft, the second highest mountain in Africa.